Synthesis, Biological Evaluation and Molecular Docking Studies Against EGFR Tyrosine Kinase of 3,5-bis(substituted benzylidene)-1- ethylpiperidin-4-one Analogues

Author(s): Mohamed Jawed Ahsan*, Deepak Saini, Piush Sharma, Surender Singh Jadav, Mohammad Afroz Bakht, Salahuddin, Ramesh Alluri, Md Faiyazuddin

Journal Name: Letters in Organic Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 9 , 2021


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Abstract:

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death. The aim of the present study was to synthesize and investigate the anticancer and antioxidant activities of some 3,5-bis(substituted benzylidene)- 1-ethylpiperidin-4-one analogues (4a-g).

The 3,5-bis(substituted benzylidene)-1-ethylpiperidin-4-one analogues (4a-g) were prepared from the precursor, piperidin-4-one hydrochloride (1). The initial step involved the synthesis of intermediates, 3,5-bis(substituted benzylidene)piperidin-4-one analogues (3a-g) followed by their ethylation with C2H5I in acetone and K2CO3 to obtain the title compounds (4a-g). The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (1H & 13C NMR), mass spectrometry and microanalysis were used to characterize the title compounds (4a-g). All the compounds were further evaluated for their anticancer activity by SRB assay and NCI US protocol, while the antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH free radical assay. All the title compounds (4a-g) were subjected to molecular docking studies against EGRF tyrosine kinase, a potential target for anticancer agents, to study the possible mode of interaction of our compounds with the molecular target.

The compound 4g showed significant anticancer activity with GI50 of 28.2 μM against MCF-7 (Breast cancer cell line). The antioxidant activity of compound 4g (IC50 = 14.98±0.91 μM) was found to be comparable to the standard drug ascorbic acid. The binding modes of compounds 4a-g against the molecular target EGFR tyrosine kinase were also studied. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) was also studied.

The compound 4g showed significant anticancer activity with GI50 of 28.2 μM against MCF-7 (Breast cancer cell line). The antioxidant activity of the compound, 4g was found to be comparable to the standard drug ascorbic acid, while its anticancer activity was found to be less than that of the standard drug adriamycin.

Keywords: Anticancer, Antioxidant, EGFR tyrosine kinase, Piperidone, α, β-Unsaturated ketone.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2021
Published on: 20 October, 2020
Page: [710 - 720]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1570178617999201020220400
Price: $65

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