Circulatory Syndrome: An Evolution of the Metabolic Syndrome Concept!

Author(s): Ali Reza Khoshdel, Shane L.Carney, Alastair Gillies

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 8 , Issue 1 , 2012

Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor


The metabolic syndrome has been a useful, though controversial construct in clinical practice as well as a valuable model in order to understand the interactions of diverse cardiovascular risk factors. However the increasing importance of the circulatory system in particular the endothelium, in both connecting and controlling organ function has underlined the limitations of the metabolic syndrome definition. The proposed “Circulatory Syndrome” is an attempt to refine the metabolic syndrome concept by the addition of recently documented markers of cardiovascular disease including renal impairment, microalbuminuria, arterial stiffness, ventricular dysfunction and anaemia to more classic factors including hypertension, dyslipidemia and abnormal glucose metabolism; all of which easily measured in clinical practice. These markers interact with each other as well as with other factors such as aging, obesity, physical inactivity, diet and smoking. The final common pathways of inflammation, oxidative stress and hypercoagulability thereby lead to endothelial damage and eventually cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, the Circulatory (MARC) Syndrome, like its predecessor the metabolic syndrome, is only a small step toward an understanding of these complex and as yet poorly understood markers of disease.

Keywords: Circulatory system, metabolic syndrome, renal function, ventricular function, arterial stiffness, anaemia, metabolic syndrome, MARC, Hypertension

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2012
Published on: 07 June, 2012
Page: [68 - 76]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/157340312801215773

Article Metrics

PDF: 44