Important Role of Relaxation Techniques in Immune Functions, Glycemic Control, and Stress in Diabetic Patients with COVID-19: A Review

Author(s): Ayman A. Mohamed, Motaz Alawna*

Journal Name: Current Diabetes Reviews

Volume 17 , Issue 5 , 2021

Article ID: e121020186816
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Background: COVID-19 is a world disaster. The relationship between COVID-19 and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is double-faced because DM is considered one of the COVID-19 key risk factors causing an increase in COVID-19 related conditions and death rates; at the same time, high stress in patients with COVID-19 can lead to the occurrence of DM. This relationship adversely affects immune functions. Relaxation techniques have been demonstrated to positively affect immune functions, glycemic control, and stress levels.

Methods: A search in Scopus, Web of Science, Medline databases, and EBSCO has been made. The search included clinical trials and systematic and literature reviews on the effects of relaxation techniques on immune functions, glycemic control, and stress levels.

Results: This review found that relaxation techniques produce short-term effects on decreasing stress levels through autonomic regulation, controlling glycemic control through decreasing hyperglycemia, and increasing immune functions through increasing immune cells and immunoglobins A.

Conclusion: This review summarizes the important role of performing regular relaxation techniques in COVID-19 patients with DM. Relaxation techniques benefit diabetic patients with COVID-19 through decreasing stress levels, better controlling of glycemic control, and increasing immune functions.

Keywords: COVID-19, diabetes, glycemic control, immune functions, relaxation techniques, stress.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 30 April, 2021
Article ID: e121020186816
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1573399816999201012200109
Price: $65

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