Medications Affecting Functional Status in Older Persons

Author(s): Andrea Corsonello, Graziano Onder, Marcello Maggio, Francesco Corica, Fabrizia Lattanzio

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 20 , Issue 19 , 2014

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Abstract:

Current evidence suggests that functional status is an important outcome of pharmacologic treatments in older people. At the moment, studies have shown diverse effects of medications on functional status. For example, some have shown potentially detrimental effects, while others have found improvements on physical function in elders. Overall, suboptimal prescribing and the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) may negatively affect functional status. The use of selected drugs acting on central nervous system (CNS), e.g. benzodiazepines and antipsychotics, is generally associated with an increased risk of functional decline. The greater sensitivity of older people to these drugs, together with age-related changes in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, account for the observed detrimental effect and suggests a cautious approach to older and frail patients when prescribing CNS agents. On the other hand, selected drugs may slow or delay functional decline in older people. In particular, drugs aimed at targeting sarcopenia (loss in muscle mass and strength), such as testosterone in androgen deficiency, ACE-inhibitors, vitamin D and β-hydroxy β-methyl butyrate (HMB), as well as the recently developed selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) may hold extreme importance. This review will provide available evidence of the diverse impacts of drug medications on functional status in older persons.

Keywords: Functional status, adverse drug reactions, ACE inhibitors, CNS agents, sarcopenia, metabolic agents, CNS drugs, hormones, cardiovascular drugs.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 19
Year: 2014
Page: [3256 - 3263]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/13816128113196660695
Price: $65

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