Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity globally.
Objective: The early prediction of the CAD would be valuable in identifying individuals at risk, and in focusing resources on its prevention. In this paper, we aimed to establish a diagnostic model to predict CAD by using three approaches of ANN (pattern recognition-ANN, LVQ-ANN, and competitive ANN).
Methods:One promising method for early prediction of disease based on risk factors is machine learning. Among diﬀerent machine learning algorithms, the artificial neural network (ANN) algo-rithms have been applied widely in medicine and a variety of real-world classifications. ANN is a non-linear computational model, that is inspired by the human brain to analyze and process complex datasets.
Results: Diﬀerent methods of ANN that are investigated in this paper indicates in both pattern recognition ANN and LVQ-ANN methods, the predictions of Angiography+ class have high accuracy. Moreover, in CNN the correlations between the individuals in cluster ”c” with the class of Angiography+ is strongly high. This accuracy indicates the significant diﬀerence among some of the input features in Angiography+ class and the other two output classes. A comparison among the chosen weights in these three methods in separating control class and Angiography+ shows that hs-CRP, FSG, and WBC are the most substantial excitatory weights in recognizing the Angiography+ individuals although, HDL-C and MCH are determined as inhibitory weights. Furthermore, the effect of decomposition of a multi-class problem to a set of binary classes and random sampling on the accuracy of the diagnostic model is investigated.
Conclusion This study confirms that pattern recognition-ANN had the most accuracy of performance among diﬀerent methods of ANN. That’s due to the back-propagation procedure of the process in which the network classify input variables based on labeled classes. The results of binarization show that decomposition of the multi-class set to binary sets could achieve higher accuracy.