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CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5273
ISSN (Online): 1996-3181

Research Article

Inhibition of Butyrylcholinesterase with Fluorobenzylcymserine, An Experimental Alzheimer's Drug Candidate: Validation of Enzoinformatics Results by Classical and Innovative Enzyme Kinetic Analyses

Author(s): Mohammad A. Kamal*, Shazi Shakil, Muhammad S. Nawaz, Qian-sheng Yu, David Tweedie, Y. Tan, Xianqin Qu and Nigel H. Greig*

Volume 16 , Issue 7 , 2017

Page: [820 - 827] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1871527316666170207160606

Price: $65


Background: Selective butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE)-inhibition, increases acetylcholine (ACh) levels. In rodents, this inhibition is known to boost cognition. Also, this occurs without the typical unwanted adverse effects of acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors or AChE-Is. The novel compound, fluorobenzylcymserine (FBC), is derived from our effort to design a selective BuChE-inhibitor. Also, we wanted to check whether butyrylcholinesterase-inhibitors (BuChE-Is) possessed an edge over AChE-Is in Alzheimer's disease (AD) in terms of efficacy and/or tolerance.

Method: FBC was synthesized as reported earlier while enzymatic activity of BuChE was calculated by Ellman-technique. Molecular docking was performed using Autodock4.2. We applied classical as well as innovative analyses of enzyme-kinetics for exploring “FBC:human BuChE-interaction”. The mode of inhibition and kinetic parameters were also determined.

Results: Docking results displayed two strong interacting sites for FBC. One of these binding sites was previously identified as a deep narrow groove having polar aromatic residues while a second site was identified during this study which displayed better interaction and was lined with aliphatic and sulphur containing residues. At low concentrations of BuChE, the IC50 was found to be very low i.e. 4.79 and 6.10 nM for 12 and 36 µg, respectively, whereas it increased exponentially by increasing the units of BuChE.

Conclusion: These analyses indicate that FBC is an interesting AD drug candidate that could provide a potent and partial mixed type of inhibition of human BuChE.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, anticholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, cymserine, docking, enzyme inhibition kinetics, fluorobenzylcymserine.

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