Community Psychiatry in a Latin American Context: Perú as a Case Example

Author(s): Renato D. Alarcón*, Horacio Vargas-Murga, July Caballero-Peralta, Yuri Cutipé-Cárdenas

Journal Name: Adolescent Psychiatry

Volume 10 , Issue 2 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Historical and conceptual issues related to community psychiatry as an innovative approach to clinical assistance across the world, precede a more or less detailed examination of its presence, role and current accomplishments in Latin America, particularly related to child and adolescent subpopulations. Information about transition processes from the traditional hospital-centered model to the community-based approach, applicable mental health policies, levels of implementation and quality of the available reports in different countries, are duly evaluated.

Objectives: Within an understanding of the broader Latin American context, the paper describes the situation in Perú, a country considered representative of the Low and Middle Income (LMIC) group in the subcontinent.

Methods: The situation in Perú is presented with particular emphasis on a recently established community-based mental health centers program across its territory.

Results: This description includes consideration of variables such as personal, family and identity empowerment, a focus on integrated care, and clinical outcomes and community relations. The development of community mental health centers across Perú is described.

Conclusion: Adolescents represent the unique future of socio-culturally diverse Latin American countries, and must be the target population of well-conceived, cohesive community mental health policies and programs. The importance of political will to promote community health centers that provide adolescents access to services is critical.

Keywords: Community psychiatry, mental health policies, adolescence, identity, Perú.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2020
Published on: 02 November, 2020
Page: [84 - 91]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/2210676610666200317155858
Price: $65

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