N-doped ZnO: Efficient Photocatalyst for Decomposition of Methylene Blue

Author(s): Benjamin Raj, Kishor Kumar Sahu, Mamata Mohapatra, Arun Kumar Padhy*

Journal Name: Recent Innovations in Chemical Engineering
Formerly Recent Patents on Chemical Engineering

Volume 13 , Issue 4 , 2020

Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Graphical Abstract:


Background: Herein, we have synthesized nitrogen doped zinc oxide (N-ZnO) by using imidazole derivative as an organic precursor.

Methods: The metal oxide nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), and UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. The surface area and pore size distribution were also measured by the BET surface area analyzer. The enhanced surface area reveals that the synthesized materials have better active sites for the amputation of organic dyes.

Results and Conclusion: The photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue was chosen to evaluate the photocatalytic activity of N-ZnO nanoparticles, with results indicating that the material exhibited higher activity towards the degradation of methylene blue.

Keywords: N-ZnO, methylene blue, photocatalytic degradation, SEM, BET surface area, imidazole.

Baeissa ES. Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye under visible light irradiation using In/ZnO nanocomposite. Front Nanosci Nanotechnol 2016; 2: 1-5.
Srivastava S, Sinha R, Roy D. Toxicological effects of malachite green. Aquat Toxicol 2004; 66(3): 319-29.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2003.09.008] [PMID: 15129773]
Sarmah S, Kumar A. Photocatalytic activity of polyaniline-TiO2 nanocomposites. Indian J Phys 2011; 85(5): 713.
Amini M, Ashrafi M, Gautam S, Chae KH. Rapid oxidative degradation of methylene blue by various metal oxides doped with vanadium. RSC Advances 2015; 5(47): 37469-75.
Xu A, Li X, Ye S, Yin G, Zeng Q. Catalyzed oxidative degradation of methylene blue by in situ generated cobalt (II)-bicarbonate complexes with hydrogen peroxide. Appl Catal B 2011; 102(1-2): 37-43.
Ameen S, Akhtar MS, Kim YS, Yang OB, Shin HS. An effective nanocomposite of polyaniline and ZnO: Preparation, characterizations, and its photocatalytic activity. Colloid Polym Sci 2011; 289(4): 415-21.
Caudo S, Centi G, Genovese C, Perathoner S. Homogeneous versus heterogeneous catalytic reactions to eliminate organics from waste water using H2O2. Top Catal 2006; 40(1-4): 207-19.
Rao KVK. Inhibition of DNA synthesis in primary rat hepatocyte cultures by malachite green: a new liver tumor promoter. Toxicol Lett 1995; 81(2-3): 107-13.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-4274(95)03413-7] [PMID: 8553364]
Alderman DJ, Clifton‐Hadley RS. Malachite green: A pharmacokinetic study in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). J Fish Dis 1993; 16(4): 297-311.
Panizza M, Barbucci A, Ricotti R, Cerisola G. Electrochemical degradation of methylene blue. Separ Purif Tech 2007; 54(3): 382-7.
Ashour SS. Kinetic and equilibrium adsorption of methylene blue and remazol dyes onto steam-activated carbons developed from date pits. J Saudi Chem Soc 2010; 14(1): 47-53.
Habib MA, Ismail IMI, Mahmood AJ, Ullah MR. Photocatalytic decolorization of brilliant golden yellow in TiO2 and ZnO suspensions. J Saudi Chem Soc 2012; 16(4): 423-9.
Gajbhiye SB. Photocatalytic degradation study of methylene blue solutions and its application to dye industry effluent. Int J Mod Eng Res 2012; 2(3): 1204-8.
Gharehbaghi M, Shemirani F. A novel method for dye removal: Ionic liquid‐based dispersive liquid-liquid extraction (IL‐DLLE). Clean-Soil, Air. Water 2012; 40(3): 290-7.
Tambe YB, Kothari S. Oxidative photodegradation of Evans Blue Dye using N-doped zinc oxide. Int J Sci Res (Ahmedabad) 2016; 5(8): 1847-51.
Sudrajat H, Babel S. Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue using visible light active N-doped ZnO. Adv Mat Res 2015; 1101: 299-302.
Padhy AK, Chetia B, Mishra S, Pati A, Iyer PK. Imidazole derivatives as the organic precursor of ZnO nano particles. Tetrahedron Lett 2010; 51(20): 2751-3.
Lavand AB, Malghe YS. Synthesis, characterization and visible light photocatalytic activity of nitrogen-doped zinc oxide nanospheres. J Asian Ceram Soc 2015; 3(3): 305-10.
Bhirud A, Sathaye S, Waichal R, Park CJ, Kale B. In situ preparation of N-ZnO/graphene nanocomposites: Excellent candidate as a photocatalyst for enhanced solar hydrogen generation and high performance supercapacitor electrode. J Mater Chem A Mater Energy Sustain 2015; 3(33): 17050-63.
Khan MF, Ansari AH, Hameedullah M, et al. Sol-gel synthesis of thorn-like ZnO nanoparticles endorsing mechanical stirring effect and their antimicrobial activities: Potential role as nano-antibiotics. Sci Rep 2016; 6: 27689.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep27689] [PMID: 27349836]
Shoeb M, Singh BR, Khan JA, et al. ROS-dependent anticandidal activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized by using egg albumen as a biotemplate. Adv Nat Sci: Nanosci Nanotechnol 2013; 4(3)035015
Nirmala M, Nair MG, Rekha K, Anukaliani A, Samdarshi S, Nair RG. Photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanopowders synthesized by DC thermal plasma. Afr J Basic Appl Sci 2010; 2(5-6): 161-6.
Kale G, Arbuj S, Kawade V, Rane U, Ambekar S, Kale JB. Porous N-doped zinc oxide nanostructure by novel paper mediated template method and its photocatalytic study for dye degradation under natural sunlight. Mater Chem Front 2017; 2: 163-70.
Söllradl S, Greiwe M, Bukas VJ, et al. Nitrogen-doping in ZnO via combustion synthesis. Chem Mater 2015; 27(12): 4188-95.
Herring NP, Panchakarla LS, El-Shall MS. P-type nitrogen-doped ZnO nanostructures with controlled shape and doping level by facile microwave synthesis. Langmuir 2014; 30(8): 2230-40.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la404593w] [PMID: 24555702]
Sadollahkhani A, Kazeminezhad I, Lu J, Nur O, Hultman L, Willander M. Synthesis, structural characterization and photocatalytic application of ZnO@ ZnS core-shell nanoparticles. RSC Advances 2014; 4(70): 36940-50.
Gionco C, Fabbri D, Calza P, Paganini MC. Synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic tests of N-doped zinc oxide: A new interesting photocatalyst. J Nanomat 2016.
Prabakaran E, Pillay K. Synthesis of N-doped ZnO nanoparticles with cabbage morphology as a catalyst for the efficient photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue under UV and visible light. RSC Advances 2019; 9(13): 7509-35.
Ramirez-Canon A, Medina-Llamas M, Vezzoli M, Mattia D. Multiscale design of ZnO nanostructured photocatalysts. Phys Chem Chem Phys 2018; 20(9): 6648-56.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7CP07984B] [PMID: 29457180]
Tian Z, Bai S, Cao K, Li J. Facile preparation of ZnO nanorods/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites with photocatalytic property. Mater Express 2016; 6(5): 437-43.
Rathore P, Chittora AK, Ameta R, Sharma S. Enhancement of photocatalytic activity of zinc oxide by doping with nitrogen. Sci Revs Chem Commun 2015; 5: 113-24.
Sangpour P, Hashemi F, Moshfegh AZ. Photoenhanced degradation of methylene blue on cosputtered M: TiO2 (M= Au, Ag, Cu) nanocomposite systems: A comparative study. J Phys Chem C 2010; 114(33): 13955-61.
Pouretedal HR, Norozi A, Keshavarz MH, Semnani A. Nanoparticles of zinc sulfide doped with manganese, nickel and copper as nanophotocatalyst in the degradation of organic dyes. J Hazard Mater 2009; 162(2-3): 674-81.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.05.128] [PMID: 18603365]
Kale G, Arbuj S, Kawade U, Rane S, Ambekar J, Kale B. Synthesis of porous nitrogen doped zinc oxide nanostructures using a novel paper mediated template method and their photocatalytic study for dye degradation under natural sunlight. Mater Chem Front 2018; 2(1): 163-70.
Balu S, Uma K, Pan GT, Yang TC, Ramaraj SK. Degradation of methylene blue dye in the presence of visible light using SiO2@ α-Fe2O3 nanocomposites deposited on SnS2 flowers. Materials (Basel) 2018; 11(6): 1030.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma11061030] [PMID: 29914208]
Soltani N, Saion E, Hussein MZ, et al. Visible light-induced degradation of methylene blue in the presence of photocatalytic ZnS and CdS nanoparticles. Int J Mol Sci 2012; 13(10): 12242-58.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms131012242] [PMID: 23202896]
Hassena H. Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue by using Al2O3/Fe2O3 nanocomposite under visible light. Mod Chem Appl 2016; 4(5)
Zhang P, Zhan Y, Cai B, et al. Shape-controlled synthesis of Mn3O4 nanocrystals and their catalysis of the degradation of methylene blue. Nano Res 2010; 3(4): 235-43.
Aisah N, Gustiono D, Fauzia V, Sugihartono I, Nuryadi R. Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of Ce-doped Zinc oxide nanorods by hydrothermal method. Mater Sci Eng 2017; 1(7): 201-7.
Isai KA, Shrivastava VS. Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue using ZnO and 2% Fe-ZnO semiconductor nanomaterials synthesized by sol-gel method: A comparative study. SN Appl Sci 2019; 1(10): 1247.
Shinde DR, Tambade PS, Chaskar MG, Gadave KM. Photocatalytic degradation of dyes in water by analytical reagent grades ZnO, TiO2 and SnO2: A comparative study. Drink Water Eng Sci 2017; 10(2): 109-17.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2020
Published on: 01 June, 2020
Page: [332 - 342]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/2405520413666200224113901
Price: $65

Article Metrics

PDF: 11