Background: Heart failure is a common medical problem in the world, which has a high
prevalence in both developed and developing countries. Today, among the medications used for the
heart failure treatment, there are many medications with a positive cardiac contraction effect (positive
inotropic such as digital glycosides, adrenergic receptor stimulants, and phosphodiesterase
inhibitors), a large number of cardiac diluents (such as Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE)
inhibitor group), and a few other types of drugs whose final effects are still under review. Statins
are valuable drugs that are broadly prescribed in hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular patients due to
their multiple properties, such as cholesterol reduction, endothelial function improvement, antioxidative,
anti-inflammatory, neovascularization, and immunomodulatory activities.
Methods: There is evidence that the therapeutic role of statins in HF, due to myocardial hypertrophy,
show reduction in cardiomyocyte loss in the apoptosis process, oxidative stress, inflammation,
and also the return of neurohormonal imbalance. However, the fact that these drugs have no sideeffects
has not been confirmed in all studies, as statins prevent the production of particular beneficial
and protective factors, such as coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), while inhibiting the production of specific
proteins involved in pathologic mechanisms.
Results: Recently, it has been hypothesized that, despite the positive effects reported, high doses of
statins in patients with long-term heart failure lead to progress in heart failure by inhibiting CoQ10
synthesis and intensifying hypertrophy.
Conclusion: Thus, it can be stated that the advantage of using statins depends on factors, such as
stroke fraction, and the existence of other standard indications such as atherosclerotic diseases or
high Low-Density Lipoprotein-C (LDL-C).