Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease associated with several cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF). There is strong evidence about the benefits of oilseeds intake and the practice of resistance training (RT) in the prevention and treatment of T2DM and its associated CMRF. However, no study has evaluated the combination of these interventions yet. Baru nut, an oilseed native to the Brazilian Cerrado, stands out among oilseeds due to its healthy nutritional composition, which has the potential to reduce CMRF in T2DM. RT, in turn, provides positive changes in the composition and metabolism of muscle cells, which contributes to improving cardiometabolic health.
Objective: This review aimed to summarize the effects and mechanisms related to the intake of baru nut and the practice of RT in reducing CMRF in T2DM.
Methods: Literature research was performed using the keywords “type 2 diabetes mellitus”, “Dipteryx alata Vog”, “nuts”, “physical exercise” and “resistance training”, isolated or associated, in Web of Science and Pubmed databases.
Results: Baru nut is oilseed with a high density of nutrients and bioactive compounds with antioxidant and antihypercholesterolemic properties, and the RT is associated with beneficial effects on CMRF of individuals with T2DM. Thus, the consumption of baru nut and the RT have the potential to improve insulin sensitivity, glycemic control, body composition, and serum lipid profile.
Conclusion: The baru nut consumption and the RT have the potential to reduce the cardiometabolic risk factors in T2DM. Both interventions are innovative and promising approaches to preserve the health of individuals with T2DM.