Nanotechnology presents distinctive approaches to explore and manage a diversity of biological and medical processes. Nanomedicine is an emerging, recent technology that encompasses diagnostics and therapeutics at the nanoscale. With the rapid expansion of nanotechnology, the realization of important medical applications is rapidly being approached. In this review, we address the medical applications of a range of nanoparticles, including quantum dots, Polymeric, Gold, Superparamagnetic particles, dendrimers and carbon nanotubes. The nature and extent of current research carried out on these nanoscale particles in diagnostics will also be described. In this context the present review largely focuses on relevant patents in nanomedicine.
Keywords: Nanotechnology, nanomedicine, diagnostics, imaging, quantum dots, gold nanoparticles, polymeric nanoparticles, superparamagnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, carbon nanotubes, SWCNT, magnetic resonance imaging, computer tomography, diagnostics, regenerative medicine, tissue engineering , Microfluidics, lab-on-a-chip technology