Frontiers in Enzyme Inhibition

Frontiers in Enzyme Inhibition

Enzyme Inhibition - Environmental and Biomedical Applications

Enzyme inhibitors play a pivotal role in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries. The primary understanding of the action of inhibitors helps pharmacologists during the design process for ...
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Enzyme Inhibition Applications in Treatment of Human Viral Diseases

Pp. 228-262 (35)

Subasree Sekar, P.K. Praveen Kumar and Arthi Udhayachandran

Abstract

Enzyme inhibitor molecules are used for the development of antiviral drugs. Understanding the mechanisms of enzyme inhibitors are needed for the treatment of HIV, Chikungunya, Dengue, Ebola, Influenza, and Nipah viral diseases. Inhibition of viral entry and its replication in the host cell was the most prominent mode of action against these viruses. In this chapter, the detailed list of plant compounds to be used as drugs for the treatment of above viral diseases through targeting of enzymes, reverse transcriptase, and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase is explained. Recent advancements such as emerging technologies, Next Generation Sequencing, and CRISPR used as an effective approach for the diagnosis, treatment, and alleviation of viral disease progression, are explained.

Keywords:

Antiviral drugs, CRISPR, Enzyme inhibitors, Next Generation Sequencing, Reverse transcriptase, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.

Affiliation:

Department of Biotechnology, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering (Autonomous), Sriperumbudur Tk – 602117, Tamilnadu, India