Login

Journal Image
Current Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X
VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 18
DOI: 10.2174/0929867054637617      Price:  $58









Copper as a Biocidal Tool

img
Author(s): Gadi Borkow and Jeffrey Gabbay
Pages 2163-2175 (13)
Abstract:
Copper ions, either alone or in copper complexes, have been used to disinfect liquids, solids and human tissue for centuries. Today copper is used as a water purifier, algaecide, fungicide, nematocide, molluscicide as well as an antibacterial and anti-fouling agent. Copper also displays potent anti-viral activity. This article reviews (i) the biocidal properties of copper; (ii) the possible mechanisms by which copper is toxic to microorganisms; and (iii) the systems by which many microorganisms resist high concentrations of heavy metals, with an emphasis on copper.
Keywords:
bacteriostatic, gram-negative organisms, electroplated coatings, copper-impregnated fabrics, water purifier, antiviral, oxidizing agents, cell membrane, cell viability
Affiliation:
Hameyasdim 44, Kfar Gibton 76910, Israel.