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Recent Innovations in Chemical Engineering

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2405-5204
ISSN (Online): 2405-5212

Research Article

Synthesis of ZnO Microstructure Decorated with Ag Nanoparticles at Different Annealing Temperature and their Photocatalytic Activity

Author(s): Hartini Ahmad Rafaie*, Nor Atikah Embong, Nurul Infaza Talalah Ramli, Ruziana Mohamed and Muhd Firdaus Kasim

Volume 11 , Issue 3 , 2018

Page: [192 - 200] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/2405520411666181102163237

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: ZnO microstructures decorated with Ag nanoparticles (AgZnO) were synthesized by sol-gel method.

Methodology: The samples were annealed at different annealing temperature ranging from 500 to 700°C, respectively.

Results: The effect of different annealing temperature on the crystal structure and morphologies of prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDS). The photocatalytic degradation reaction is tested by the decomposition of methylene blue (MB) dye under ultra violet (UV) irradiation for 60 minutes.

Conclusion: The EDS result demonstrated that the particle-like AgZnO samples consist of element Zn, O and Ag. XRD analysis shows that the AgZnO exhibited a hexagonal wurtzite crystal structure of ZnO and face-centered cubic (FCC) of Ag. The crystallite size was increased as annealing temperature was increased in the range of 84.14 nm – 103.89 nm. In particular, AgZnO annealed at 700°C exhibits the highest photocatalytic activity by degrading methylene blue (MB) solution by almost 92.99 % in 60 minutes compared to pure ZnO samples.

Keywords: ZnO microstructure, Ag nanoparticles, photocatalytic, annealing temperature, methylene blue, environmental pollution.

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