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Current Cardiology Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557

Review Article

Imaging Subclinical Atherosclerosis: Where Do We Stand?

Author(s): Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Alexandros Briasoulis, Emmanuel Androulakis and Dimitris Tousoulis

Volume 13 , Issue 1 , 2017

Page: [47 - 55] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1573403X12666160803095855

Price: $65

Abstract

The age of initiation and the rate of progression of atherosclerosis vary markedly among individuals and have been difficult to predict with traditional cardiovascular risk assessment models. Although these risk models provide good discrimination and calibration in certain populations, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk may not be accurately estimated in low- and intermediate risk individuals. Therefore, imaging techniques such as Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI), Coronary Artery Calcium score (CAC), carotid Intima-Media Thickness (cIMT), flow mediated dilation (FMD) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) have been developed and used to reclassify these individuals. In the present article we review the role of the most commonly used imaging techniques for CVD risk assessment.

Keywords: Subclinical atherosclerosis, calcium score, intima-media thickness.

Graphical Abstract

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