Efficacy of Celecoxib Adjunct Treatment on Bipolar Disorder: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Author(s): Daniela V. Bavaresco, Tamy Colonetti, Antônio J. Grande, Francesc Colom, Samira S. Valvassori, João Quevedo, Maria I. da Rosa*.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 18 , Issue 1 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by mood disturbances. The pathophysiology of BD is still poorly understood. In the last years, research studies focused on the role of inflammation in BD.

Objective: Performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the potential effect of the cyclo- oxygenases (Cox)-2 inhibitor Celecoxib adjunct treatment in BD through randomized controlled trials (RCT).

Methods: A search on the electronic databases was proceeded, on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Biomed Central, Web of Science, IBECS, LILACS, PsycINFO, Congress Abstracts, and Grey literature (Google Scholar and the British Library) for studies published from January 1990 to February 2018. A search strategy was developed using the terms: “Bipolar disorder” or “Bipolar mania” or “Bipolar depression” or “Bipolar mixed” or “Bipolar euthymic” and “Celecoxib” or “Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors” or “Cox-2 inhibitors” as text words and Medical Subject Headings (i.e., MeSH and EMTREE) and searched. The therapeutic effects of adjunctive treatment with Celecoxib were analyzed. The meta-analysis was performed including the results of the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) at the end of RCT.

Results: Three primary studies were included in the systematic review, with a total of 121 patients. The meta-analysis showed a significant effect on the YMRS scores from patients with BD who used Celecoxib adjuvant treatment in comparison to placebo.

Conclusion: The systematic review suggests that adjuvant treatment with Celecoxib improves the response of major treatments in patients with BD when compared with adjuvant placebo treatment.

Systematic Review Registration Number: The review protocol was registered at PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42017067635); in June 06 2017.

Keywords: Bipolar disorder, Cox-2 inhibitors, celecoxib, systematic review, meta-analysis, mania, hypomania.

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Year: 2019
Page: [19 - 28]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1871527317666181105162347
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