An Intensity Variation Pattern Analysis Based Machine Learning Classifier for MRI Brain Tumor Detection

Author(s): Muthalakshmi Murugesan* , Dhanasekaran Ragavan .

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging

Volume 15 , Issue 6 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: An accurate detection of tumor from the Magnetic Resonance Images (MRIs) is a critical and demanding task in medical image processing, due to the varying shape and structure of brain. So, different segmentation approaches such as manual, semi-automatic, and fully automatic are developed in the traditional works. Among them, the fully automatic segmentation techniques are increasingly used by the medical experts for an efficient disease diagnosis. But, it has the limitations of over segmentation, increased complexity, and time consumption.

Objective: In order to solve these problems, this paper aims to develop an efficient segmentation and classification system by incorporating a novel image processing techniques.

Methods: Here, the Distribution based Adaptive Median Filtering (DMAF) technique is employed for preprocessing the image. Then, skull removal is performed to extract the tumor portion from the filtered image. Further, the Neighborhood Differential Edge Detection (NDED) technique is implemented to cluster the tumor affected pixels, and it is segmented by the use of Intensity Variation Pattern Analysis (IVPA) technique. Finally, the normal and abnormal images are classified by using the Weighted Machine Learning (WML) technique.

Results: During experiments, the results of the existing and proposed segmentation and classification techniques are evaluated based on different performance measures. To prove the superiority of the proposed technique, it is compared with the existing techniques.

Conclusion: From the analysis, it is observed that the proposed IVPA-WML techniques provide the better results compared than the existing techniques.

Keywords: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), brain tumor detection, Distribution based Adaptive Median Filtering (DAMF), Neighborhood Differential Edge Detection (NDED), Intensity Variation Pattern Analysis (IVPA), Weighted Machine Learning (WML).

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2019
Page: [555 - 564]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1573405614666180718122353
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