Antipsychotic Induced Dopamine Supersensitivity Psychosis: A Comprehensive Review

Author(s): John Yin , Alasdair M. Barr , Alfredo Ramos-Miguel , Ric M. Procyshyn .

Journal Name: Current Neuropharmacology

Volume 15 , Issue 1 , 2017

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Abstract:

Chronic prescription of antipsychotics seems to lose its therapeutic benefits in the prevention of recurring psychotic symptoms. In many instances, the occurrence of relapse from initial remission is followed by an increase in dose of the prescribed antipsychotic. The current understanding of why this occurs is still in its infancy, but a controversial idea that has regained attention recently is the notion of iatrogenic dopamine supersensitivity. Studies on cell cultures and animal models have shown that long-term antipsychotic use is linked to both an upregulation of dopamine D2-receptors in the striatum and the emergence of enhanced receptor affinity to endogenous dopamine. These findings have been hypothesized to contribute to the phenomenon known as dopamine supersensitivity psychosis (DSP), which has been clinically typified as the foundation of rebound psychosis, drug tolerance, and tardive dyskinesia. The focus of this review is the update of evidence behind the classification of antipsychotic induced DSP and an investigation of its relationship to treatment resistance. Since antipsychotics are the foundation of illness management, a greater understanding of DSP and its prevention may greatly affect patient outcomes.

Keywords: Antipsychotics, dopamine supersensitivity psychosis, D2-receptors, rebound psychosis, relapse, schizophrenia, treatment-resistance, tolerance.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2017
Page: [174 - 183]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1570159X14666160606093602
Price: $58

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