Smart Drug Delivery Systems in Cancer Therapy

Author(s): Gozde Unsoy*, Ufuk Gunduz*.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 19 , Issue 3 , 2018

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Smart nanocarriers have been designed for tissue-specific targeted drug delivery, sustained or triggered drug release and co-delivery of synergistic drug combinations to develop safer and more efficient therapeutics.

Objective: Advances in drug delivery systems provide reduced side effects, longer circulation half-life and improved pharmacokinetics.

Results: Smart drug delivery systems have been achieved successfully in the case of cancer. These nanocarriers can serve as an intelligent system by considering the differences of tumor microenvironment from healthy tissue, such as low pH, low oxygen level, or high enzymatic activity of matrix metalloproteinases.

Conclusion: The performance of anti-cancer agents used in cancer diagnosis and therapy is improved by enhanced cellular internalization of smart nanocarriers and controlled drug release. Here, we review targeting, cellular internalization; controlled drug release and toxicity of smart drug delivery systems. We are also emphasizing the stimulus responsive controlled drug release from smart nanocarriers.

Keywords: Smart drug delivery, stimulus responsive drug release, nanocarriers, targeted durg delivery, smart nanocarriers, targeted cancer therapy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2018
Page: [202 - 212]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1389450117666160401124624
Price: $58

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