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Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders)
ISSN (Print): 1871-529X
ISSN (Online): 2212-4063
Epub Full Text Article
DOI: 10.2174/1871529X14666140401115110      Price:  $95









Chronic Kidney Disease and Cardiovascular Disease: A Focus on Primary Care

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Author(s): TK Singh, V Arya and N Navaratnarajah
Abstract:
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States has increased in the last 20 years. As CKD and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are interrelated, it is important to note that trends in the prevalence of CKD and common risk factors it shares with CVD, such as hypertension and diabetes, are likely to affect the burden of both diseases in the future. While preventing and treating CVD is of high priority in the primary care setting, a major reason why CKD continues to burden the US healthcare system is because it remains under-recognized by primary care physicians and specialists, partly due to a lack of uniform screening recommendations. This paper will review the public health implications of CKD, including its epidemiology and economic burden in the United States, its risk factor commonalities with CVD, current screening recommendations and possible prevention strategies for improvement in the future. Additionally, an emphasis will be made on encouraging primary care physicians to play a more prominent role in CKD screening and primary prevention
Keywords:
Chronic Kidney Disease, Cardiovascular Disease, Public Health, Screening, Primary Care, Epidemiology, Prevention
Affiliation:
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore MD,USA