Advances in Organic Synthesis

Volume: 6

Chiral Perazamacrocycles: Synthesis and Applications. Part 1

Author(s): Diego Savoia and Andrea Gualandi

Pp: 115-166 (52)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608050291113060005

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Chiral non-racemic perazamacrocyles containing three or more nitrogen atoms in the form of different functions (amine, amide, imine) are prepared from optically active amines, diamines, α-aminoacids, and their derivatives, by properly selected methodologies. The many applications of these optically pure perazamacrocycles rely on the basic and/or hydrogen bond donor properties of the nitrogen functions and include metal ions coordination, supramolecular chemistry, material science, molecular and enantioselective recognition, and asymmetric catalysis. Part 1 describes the preparation of polyamino, poly(amino-amido), polyamido macrocycles by procedures involving mainly nucleophilic substitution and acylation reactions, but also ring closing metathesis, multicomponent and click reactions in the cyclization step.

Keywords: Acylic nucleophilic substitution, aldol condensation, alkyne-azide cycloaddition (click reaction), amides, amines, asymmetric synthesis, atkinsrichman procedure, aziridine ring opening, bridged macropolycycles, chiral stationary phase, chiral perazamacrocycle, cyclam, cyclization, cyclophane, cyclopolypeptide, enantioselective catalysis, enantioselective recognition, epoxidation, ex-chiral pool synthesis, guanidinium macrocycles, henry reaction, imines, lactamization, metal complexes, metal ion coordination, mitsunobu reaction, molecular knot, molecular recognition, multicomponent reaction, nitrogen ligands, nucleophilic substitution, on-resin synthesis, perazamacrocycles, pseudopolypeptide, radiopharmaceutical, receptor (macrocyclic), reductive coupling, reduction, ring closing metathesis, ring closure, ring opening, superoxide dismutase mimics, supramolecular chemistry, ugi reaction.

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