Myconanotechnology: Green Chemistry for Sustainable Development

Green Synthesis of Fungal Mediated Silver Nanoparticles with Potential Biocontrol Application

Author(s): Madan L. Verma*, Meenu Thakur, Anamika Das, Santosh Kumar and Rekha Kushwaha

Pp: 36-61 (26)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815051360122030006

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Era of nanotechnology has played a significant role in various aspects of our life. These are minute particles having vast roles. Numerous techniques have been employed for its synthesis. Previously chemical and physical approaches were exploited for their synthesis but nowadays researchers are leaning on biological entities for their creation. And this terminology is green chemistry which does not harm the environment. Mycogenesis plays a terrific role in producing nanoparticles as they contain various enzymes and proteins playing a role in reducing the metal nanoparticles. Metal nanoparticles such as silver nanoparticles act as an efficient biocontrol agent. They were explored to control different types of pests, pathogens, microbes, etc. Different mechanisms were used for controlling the pathogens. They are effective due to broad-spectrum efficiency and ruin the cells by binding with phosphorus and sulphur present in the structure of protein and DNA. They are toxic to a wide range of microorganisms. This chapter focuses on the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using different fungal agents and the processes involved. Further, how the prepared particles have prospective application in the control of living organisms, description of all the pathogens against which silver nanoparticles were effective has been provided. This review will comprehensively provide some knowledge regarding the biocontrol application of myconanotechnology. 

Keywords: Biocontrol agents, Fungi, Nanoparticles, Silver.

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