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Current Psychiatry Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4005
ISSN (Online): 1875-6441

General Review Article

Crisis and the Neurobiology Involved in the Development of Consequent Mental Illness

Author(s): César Portela* and Raquel Ribeiro Silva

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2018

Page: [245 - 251] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573400514666181030112350

Abstract

Background: Crisis as a topic in mental health is more relevant than ever. There are rapid changes happening in the world, involving politics, education, migration and so on. All these new events have consequences over mental health, at the short and long terms.

Objective: Accomplish the need to understand the neuronal mechanisms underlying an illness after a crisis event, as well as a better guidance of the therapeutic intervention.

Method: This article is a review of crisis and the consequent illness that it can originate. It consists of a brief presentation of the main contributions of several authors in their theoretical and practical components, from their starting point in the development of Crisis Theory. The review continues in a presentation of the correlations between the perpetuation of crisis and consequent mental illness, describing the known neurocircuitry underlying the anxious and depressive outcomes. The neurobiological connection between crisis and mental illness with psychotherapeutic intervention is discussed.

Results: The present neuroscientific data allow the understanding of how the brain can work defining behavior, judgement or decision making. The knowledge of the neurobiology involved is increasingly relevant in this area, as it is in others that involve mental illness.

Conclusion: As neuroscience progresses, neurobiology and neurocircuitry can provide the unifying language and the explanation to the processes involved in mental health and disease, permitting the use of psychotherapeutic techniques with more benefits to the patient.

Keywords: Crisis, psychotherapy, psychiatry, neurobiology, neurocircuitry, crisis intervention.

Graphical Abstract

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