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Current Medical Imaging

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4056
ISSN (Online): 1875-6603

Review Article

Intracoronary Imaging for Assessment of Vascular Healing and Stent Follow-up in Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds

Author(s): Ioan Florin Ferent, Andras Mester*, Ota Hlinomaz, Ladislav Groch, Michal Rezek, Jan Sitar , Jiri Semenka, Martin Novak and Imre Benedek

Volume 16 , Issue 2 , 2020

Page: [123 - 134] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1573405614666180604093621

Price: $65

Abstract

Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds (BVS) are polymer-based materials implanted in the coronary arteries in order to treat atherosclerotic lesions, based on the concept that once the lesion has been treated, the material of the implanted stent will undergo a process of gradual resorption that will leave, in several years, the vessel wall smooth, free of any foreign material and with its vasomotion restored. However, after the first enthusiastic reports on the efficacy of BVSs, the recently published trials demonstrated disappointing results regarding long-term patency following BVS implantation, which were mainly attributed to technical deficiencies during the stenting procedure. Intracoronary imaging could play a crucial role for helping the operator to correctly implant a BVS into the coronary artery, as well as providing relevant information in the follow-up period. This review aims to summarize the role of intracoronary imaging in the follow-up of coronary stents, with a particular emphasis on the role of intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography for procedural guidance during stent implantation and also for follow-up of bioabsorbable scaffolds.

Keywords: Coronary stents, vascular scaffold, intracoronary imaging, polymer-coated stent, bioresorbable, stent struts.

Graphical Abstract
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