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Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5230
ISSN (Online): 1875-614X

Review Article

Hypersensitivity Reactions from Excipients in Systemic Glucocorticoid Formulations

Author(s): Gianfranco Calogiuri, Lene H. Garvey, Paolo Romita, Luigi Macchia and Caterina Foti

Volume 15 , Issue 2 , 2016

Page: [91 - 100] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1871523016666161109144021

Price: $65

Abstract

Glucocorticoids are the most widely used drugs for the treatment of hypersensitivity, however these drugs themselves and the excipients contained in commercial corticosteroid formulations are able to induce severe immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions. Reactions involving excipients have been confirmed to be IgE mediated by the demonstration of specific-IgE to excipients such as carboxymethylcellulose and lactose. In case of hypersensitivity reactions to corticosteroid preparations, a complete allergy work-up with skin tests and/or challenge tests should include testing excipients as well as the active ingredients.

Keywords: Anaphylaxis, carboxymethylcellulose, excipients, glucocorticoids, hypersensitivity, lactose, macrogols, povidone.


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