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Current Rheumatology Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3971
ISSN (Online): 1875-6360

Research Article

No Zinc Deficiency But a Putative Immunosuppressive Role for Labile Zn in Patients with Systemic Autoimmune Disease

Author(s): Johannes Nossent, Sue Lester, Maureen Rischmueller and Peter Zalewski

Volume 13 , Issue 1 , 2017

Page: [59 - 64] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1573397111666151026223501

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Zn (Zn) is an essential trace element with important roles in protein structure and function. Labile Zn is the fraction available for regulatory functions through it loose binding to albumin. As Zn deprivation reduces labile Zn levels and leads to an immune compromised state, we investigated labile Zn levels in the context of systemic autoimmune disease.

Methods: Cross sectional case control study in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE; n= 45), primary Sjögren’s Syndrome (n= 53) and healthy controls (HC; n= 27). Serum labile Zn levels were measured by an in-house assay using the UV-excitable fluorophore zinquin ethyl ester. Associations between labile Zn levels and SLE manifestations were investigated by nonparametric methods.

Results: None of the SLE or pSS patients was found to be Zn deficient. Labile Zn levels were significantly higher in SLE (31.7 mcg/dl) than in pSS patients (22.3 mcg/dl) and HC (19.7 mcg/dl) (p<0.001). Labile Zn levels did not associate with demographics, disease activity scores, or inflammatory cytokine levels, but correlated inversely with lymphocyte counts (Rs -0.37, p<0.01), antidsDNA, anticardiolipin (Rs -0.29, p=0.01), anti-rib P antibody levels (Rs -0.24, p=0.02) and with circulating NK-cell numbers in SLE patients (Rs .27, p= 0.02).

Conclusions: There is no evidence of Zn deficiency in patients with pSS or SLE. Labile Zn levels are unexpectedly high in SLE patients, independent of cytokine levels and may play a role in immune modulation through increased NK numbers and autoantibody containment.

Keywords: Cytokine levels, lupus, nutritional ingredients, pustular dermatitis, Sjogren's syndrome, zinc.

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