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Letters in Drug Design & Discovery


ISSN (Print): 1570-1808
ISSN (Online): 1875-628X

Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Atorvastatin Derivatives as Novel HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors

Author(s): Jiayi Tong, Naxin Wang and Hua Xiao

Volume 10 , Issue 9 , 2013

Page: [817 - 822] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/15701808113106660020

Price: $65


Hyperlipidemia is a common cardiovascular disease characterized by elevated lipid level in association with disordered lipoproteins metabolism. Atorvastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, has been developed as an antihyperlipidaemic agent and proved to exhibit antioxidant activity against lipid peroxidation. The two hydroxyl metabolites of atorvastatin, Ortho-hydroxy-atorvastatin and para-hydroxy-atorvastatin, are equipotent to their parent compound. Anethol trithione is a kind of liver protecting agent used to treat the hepatobiliary disease-related symptoms. Desmethyl anethol trithione, the degradation product of anethol trithione, keeps the related activity of anethol trithione and it is suitable for developing novel prodrugs. In this letter, a series of atorvastatin derivatives was designed as lipid regulators based on the structures of para-hydroxy-atorvastatin and desmethyl anethol trithione. Preliminary biological evaluation suggested compound 11a presented promising antihyperlipidemic, antioxidant activity and plasma stability.

Keywords: Hyperlipidemia, Atorvastatin derivatives, Anethol trithione, Antihyperlipidaemic activity, Antioxidant activity, Plasma stability.

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