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Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4064
ISSN (Online): 1875-6638

Syntheses and Antimycobacterial Activities of [(2S,3R)-2-(Amino)-4- (Arenesulfonamido)-3-Hydroxy-1-Phenylbutane Derivatives

Author(s): Marcele Moreth, Claudia R.B. Gomes, Maria C.S. Lourenco, Rodrigo P. Soares, Marcele N. Rocha, Carlos R. Kaiser, Marcus V.N. de Souza, Solange M.S.V.N. Wardell and James L. Wardell

Volume 10 , Issue 2 , 2014

Page: [189 - 200] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/15734064113099990003

Price: $65

Abstract

The syntheses of hydroxyethylsulfonamides, (2S,3R)-tert-butyl N-[4-(N-benzyl-4-R-phenylsulfonamido)-3- hydroxy-1-phenylbutan-2-yl]carbamates and (5) (2S,3R)-2-amino-4-[N-benzyl-4-R-benzenesulfonamido]-3-hydroxy-1- phenylbutane hydrochlorides (6), derived from (2S,3S)-Boc-phenylalanine epoxide, are reported. None of the compounds, containing the Boc group, showed activity against M. tuberculosis ATTC 27294, while compounds 6 did, with the most active compounds having R = p-Cl, p-Br and p-Me. Results indicate that the presence of a free amino group at C2 and the sulphonamide moiety are important for biological activity. The antimycobacterial activity of compounds 6 correlated well with the calculated lipophilicities, but not with the electronic effects of the substituents, R. All compounds 6 were highly cytotoxic against the hepatoma cell lineage Hep G2 A16. The X-ray crystal structure of compound [(6: R = Me).H2O] is also reported. In the propeller-like conformation adopted by the cation, the amino and hydroxy groups have a cis arrangement, and thus are suitably placed to form 5- membered chelates.

Keywords: Antimycobacterial activity, cytotoxicity, hydroxyethylamine derivatives, sulfonamide derivatives, x-ray crystallography.


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