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Current Clinical Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1574-8847
ISSN (Online): 2212-3938

Non-Antidepressant Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Author(s): Nada Zahreddine and Sami Richa

Volume 10 , Issue 2 , 2015

Page: [86 - 96] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/15748847113089990058

Price: $65

Abstract

Introduction: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a prevalent and very disabling anxiety disorder. First-line medications are antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and selective serotonin and noradrenalin reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). However, a substantial number of patients do not reach remission while on antidepressants and they may develop troublesome side effects, which highlights the necessity of new therapeutic options for GAD.

Methods: The purpose of this review is to discuss all non-antidepressant treatments studied in GAD. We searched MedLine for English articles published between 1980 and 2012, containing the following keywords: “generalized (or generalised) anxiety disorder” OR “anxiety disorder”, AND “drug therapy” OR “herbal medicine”. 76 articles were finally selected.

Results: Pregabalin is the anticonvulsant with the most robust level of evidence in GAD. It rapidly reduces anxiety, has a safe side effect profile and presents a low potential for abuse. Among antipsychotics, quetiapine is the one of choice in GAD, with similar efficacy to SSRIs in low dosages, yet with lower overall tolerability. Benzodiazepines, buspirone and hydroxyzine are Food and Drugs administration (FDA) approved for GAD and have relatively good evidence of efficacy. Other drugs (betablockers, zolpidem, riluzole, etc.) and natural remedies (e.g. Piper methysticum) could be potential treatment options, yet additional research is warranted.

Conclusion: Pregabalin and quetiapine are the two most promising non-antidepressant treatments for GAD.

Keywords: Anticonvulsants, antipsychotics, drug therapy, generalized anxiety, herbal treatment, pregabalin, quetiapine.


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