Data from many experiments has shown that serotonin2C (5-HT2C) receptor plays a role in the control of orofacial activity in rodents. Purposeless oral movements can be elicited either by agonists or inverse agonists implying a tight control exerted by the receptor upon oral activity. The effects of agonists has been related to an action of these drugs in the subthalamic nucleus and the striatum, the two input structures for cortical efferents to the basal ganglia, a group of subcortical structures involved in the control of motor behaviors. The oral effects of agonists are dramatically enhanced in case of chronic blockade of central dopaminergic transmission induced by neuroleptics or massive destruction of dopamine neurons. The mechanisms involved in the hypersensitized oral responses to 5-HT2C agonists are not clear and deserve additional studies. Indeed, while the oral behavior triggered by 5-HT2C drugs would barely correspond to the dyskinesia observed in humans, the clinical data have consistently postulated that 5-HT2C receptors could be involved in these aberrant motor manifestations.