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Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1389-2010
ISSN (Online): 1873-4316

Chloramphenicol Enhances IDUA Activity on Fibroblasts from Mucopolysaccharidosis I Patients

Author(s): Fabiana Quoos Mayer, Osvaldo Alfonso Artigalas, Valeska Lizzi Lagranha, Guilherme Baldo, Ida Vanessa Schwartz, Ursula Matte and Roberto Giugliani

Volume 14 , Issue 2 , 2013

Page: [194 - 198] Pages: 5

DOI: 10.2174/1389201011314020009

Price: $65

Abstract

Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) is a genetic disorder caused by mutations on α-L-iduronidase (IDUA) gene, leading to low or null enzyme activity. As nonsense mutations are present in about two thirds of the patients, stop codon read through (SCRT) is a potential alternative to achieve enhanced enzyme activity. This mechanism suppresses premature stop codon mutations allowing the protein to be fully translated. Chloramphenicol is a peptidyl transferase inhibitor able to induce readthrough and is efficient in cross the blood brain barrier. In this work, fibroblasts from MPS I patients (p.W402X/p.W402X; p.R89W/p.W402X and p.Q70X/c.1739-1g>t) were treated with chloramphenicol, which resulted in 100-fold increase on IDUA activity on compound heterozygous fibroblasts. cDNA sequencing showed that only the alleles without the nonsense mutation were being amplified, even after treatment, leading us to suggest that the nonsense alleles were targeted to nonsense-mediated mRNA decay and that chloramphenicol acts through a mechanism other than SCRT.

Keywords: Alpha-l-iduronidase, Chloramphenicol, Mucopolysaccharidosis I, Nonsense Mediated RNA Decay, premature stop codon mutations, stop codon read through


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