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Current Cardiology Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557

Tissue Doppler Imaging in Coronary Artery Diseases and Heart Failure

Author(s): Michele Correale, Antonio Totaro, Riccardo Ieva, Armando Ferraretti, Francesco Musaico and Matteo Di Biase

Volume 8 , Issue 1 , 2012

Page: [43 - 53] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/157340312801215755

Price: $65

Abstract

Recent studies have explored the prognostic role of TDI-derived parameters in major cardiac diseases, such as coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart failure (HF). In these conditions, myocardial mitral annular systolic (S’) and early diastolic (E’) velocities have been shown to predict mortality or cardiovascular events. In heart failure non invasive assessment of LV diastolic pressure by transmitral to mitral annular early diastolic velocity ratio (E/E’) is a strong prognosticator, especially when E/E’ is > or =15. Moreover, other parameters derived by TDI, as cardiac time intervals and Myocardial Performance Index, might play a role in the prognostic stratification in CAD and HF. Recently, a threedimensional (3-D) TDI imaging modality, triplane TDI, has become available, and this allows calculation of 3-Dvolumes and LV ejection fraction. We present a brief update of TDI.

Keywords: Imaging, tissue doppler imaging, heart failure, coronary artery disease, 3D-TDI, triplane TDI, tissue-MPI, three-dimensional, Doppler echocardiography


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