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Current Immunology Reviews (Discontinued)


ISSN (Print): 1573-3955
ISSN (Online): 1875-631X

ADAMs and Ectododomain Proteolytic Shedding in Leucocyte Migration: Focus on L-Selectin and ADAM17

Author(s): Ann Ager

Volume 8 , Issue 2 , 2012

Page: [103 - 117] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/157339512800099657

Price: $65


Leucocyte recruitment from the bloodstream into tissues depends on a coordinated sequence of adhesive interactions between leucocytes and the vascular wall. It is tightly regulated, both spatially and temporally, such that leucocyte recruitment is efficient and the integrity of the vascular wall is not impaired. Although the cell adhesion molecules and chemokines that mediate adhesion have been identified, the signalling events that control extravasation are just starting to be understood. Ectodomain shedding by the ADAMs family of metalloproteinases is emerging as an important regulatory step in leucocyte-endothelial cell interactions. The evidence for ADAMs involvement in leucocyte recruitment will be reviewed with particular emphasis on L-selectin and ADAM17. The regulation of ADAM catalytic activity is complex and controlled by intracellular signaling pathways and cellular localization. ADAM activity is also regulated by substrate availability and the roles of extracellular and intracellular domains of L-selectin in regulating ADAM dependent ectodomain shedding will also be reviewed.

Keywords: ADAM proteins, cell adhesion, endothelial cells, inflammation, leucocytes, membrane proteins

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