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Inflammation & Allergy - Drug Targets (Discontinued)

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5281
ISSN (Online): 2212-4055

Oral Tolerance Induction for Human Food Allergy

Author(s): Geunwoong Noh and Jae Ho Lee

Volume 11 , Issue 2 , 2012

Page: [131 - 142] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/187152812800392869

Price: $65

Abstract

Food allergies are classified as IgE-mediated and non-IgE mediated type. The number of successful reports of immunotherapy, namely tolerance induction for food allergy (TIFA) are increasing, bringing hope for meaningful positive and radical treatment of food allergy. Therapeutic characteristics of the clinical course in TIFA for NFA are different from TIFA for IFA. Cytokines including IL-10, TGF-β and IFN-γ and regulatory cells such as Treg and Breg, are involved in immune tolerance. IFN-γ has been used for tolerance induction of food allergy as an immunomodulatory biologics. A definitive distinction between IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated food allergies is absolutely essential for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Original SOTI using IFN-γ is more effective then conventional SOTI without IFN-γ. Especially, IFN-γ is absolutely necessary for the tolerance induction of NFA. This review highlights and updates the advances in the conceptual immunological background and the clinical characteristics of oral tolerance induction for food allergy.

Keywords: Food allergy, IFN-γ, IgE-mediated food allergy, non-IgE-mediated food allergy, oral tolerance induction, tolerance, immunotherapy, Oral immunotherapy, Specific oral tolerance induction


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