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Protein & Peptide Letters

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Function of Cytosolic Chaperones in Tom70-Mediated Mitochondrial Import

Author(s): Anna C.Y. Fan and Jason C. Young

Volume 18 , Issue 2 , 2011

Page: [122 - 131] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/092986611794475020

Price: $65

Abstract

The great majority of mitochondrial proteins are synthesized by cytosolic ribosomes and then imported into the organelle post-translationally. The translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) is a proteinaceous machinery that contains surface receptors for preprotein recognition and also serves as the main entry gateway into mitochondria. Mitochondrial targeting requires various cytosolic factors, in particular the molecular chaperones Hsc70/Hsp70 and Hsp90. The chaperone activity of Hsc70/Hsp70 and Hsp90 occurs in coordinated cycles of ATP hydrolysis and substrate binding, and is regulated by a number of co-chaperone proteins. The import receptor Tom70 is a member of the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) co-chaperone family and contains a conserved TPR clamp domain for interaction with Hsc70 and Hsp90. Such interaction is essential for the initiation of the import process. This review will discuss the roles of Hsc70 and Hsp90 in mitochondrial import and summarize recent progress in understanding these pathways.

Keywords: Mitochondria, import, chaperone, Tom70, Hsc70, Hsp90, TOM, ATP hydrolysis, TPR, OM, IM, ATP, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DNA, GIP, TIM, cytosolic, hydrophobic, hexokinases, DnaK, DnaJ, HPD, DNAJA4, NEF, DNA gyrase B, homodimer, OTC, pmAAT, ANT, AAC, PiC, GA, NB, CiC, OGC, TSPO, Tom71, FKBP38, Cdc37Mitochondria, import, chaperone, Tom70, Hsc70, Hsp90, TOM, ATP hydrolysis, TPR, OM, IM, ATP, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DNA, GIP, TIM, cytosolic, hydrophobic, hexokinases, DnaK, DnaJ, HPD, DNAJA4, NEF, DNA gyrase B, homodimer, OTC, pmAAT, ANT, AAC, PiC, GA, NB, CiC, OGC, TSPO, Tom71, FKBP38, Cdc37


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