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Current Pediatric Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Neonatal Diabetes: Applying Molecular Biology to Patient Care

Author(s): Rebecca Vartanian and Steven M. Donn

Volume 4 , Issue 2 , 2008

Page: [80 - 83] Pages: 4

DOI: 10.2174/157339608784462016

Price: $65

Abstract

Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is a rare cause of hyperglycemia in the neonatal period. We encountered a patient with neonatal diabetes mellitus and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency secondary to a homozygous insulin promoter factor-1 (IPF1) mutation. We sought to review the available literature regarding current etiologies and therapeutic options available to patients with NDM. Identification of genetic mutations and further investigation of neonatal diabetes mellitus has allowed for improvement in patient care and a better understanding of the etiology of neonatal diabetes mellitus. Given the rarity of the condition, the neonatologist, pediatrician and family practitioner must be aware of these changes in order to organize and facilitate appropriate care.

Keywords: Neonatal diabetes mellitus, IPF-1, pancreatic agenesis, hyperglycemia


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