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Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5257
ISSN (Online): 1875-6182

Experience with Multiplex ARMS (MARMS)-PCR for the Detection of Common βThalassemia Mutations in India

Author(s): Chitra Thakur (Mahadik)

Volume 10 , Issue 1 , 2012

Page: [14 - 24] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/187152512799201208

Price: $65

Abstract

Beta (β) Thalassemia is a common globin gene disorder in India. Although about 65 different mutations are known in the multiethnic populations of India, the group of 9 ‘core mutations’, i.e. IVSI,5 (G > C){HBB:c.925G > C}, 619 base pair deletion(bp del){NG_000007.3:g.71609_72227del619}, FS8/9 (G){HBB:c.27_28insG}, IVSI,1 (G > T) {HBB:c.92G > T}, FS41/42 (-CTTT){HBB:c.124_127del-CTTT}, C15 (G > A){HBB:c.47G > A}, FS16 (-C){HBB:c.51delC}, C30 (G > C){HBB:c.93G > C} and C5 (-CT){HBB:c17_18delCT} cover about 96% of mutations in the carriers. We attempted a multiplex PCR to detect these mutations using ARMS method and strategized it in high risk groups of western India. The system was found reliable, cost effective, fast and most applicable for mutation screening of β Thalassemia in Indian populations.

Keywords: ARMS PCR, β Thalassemia, DNA diagnostic method, genetic screening, hemoglobinopathies, high risk populations, India, Indian subcontinent, Maharashtra, multiplex PCR, mutations, prenatal diagnosis, South Asian countries, western India


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