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Current Genomics

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1389-2029
ISSN (Online): 1875-5488

Clinical and Rehabilitative Management of Retinitis Pigmentosa:Up-to-Date

Author(s): Katia De Nadai, Mario R. Romano, Andrea Binotto, Ciro Costagliola, Giovanni Sato and Francesco Parmeggiani

Volume 12 , Issue 4 , 2011

Page: [250 - 259] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/138920211795860125

Price: $65

Abstract

The term retinitis pigmentosa (RP) indicates a heterogeneous group of genetic rare ocular diseases in which either rods or cones are prevalently damaged. RP represents the most common hereditary cause of blindness in people from 20 to 60 years old. In general, the different RP forms consist of progressive photo-receptorial neuro-degenerations, which are characterized by variable visual disabilities and considerable socio-sanitary burden. Sometimes, RP patients do not become visually impaired or legally blind until their 40-50 years of age and/or maintain a quite acceptable sight for all their life. Other individuals with RP become completely blind very early or in middle childhood. Although there is no treatment that can effectively cure RP, in some case-series the disease's progression seems to be reducible by specific preventive approaches. In the most part of RP patients, the quality of vision can be considerably increased by means of nanometer-controlled filters. In the present review, the main aspects of the routine clinical and rehabilitative managements for RP patients are described, particularly focusing on the importance of specific referral Centers to practice a real multidisciplinary governance of these dramatic diseases.

Keywords: glaucoma, photophobia, neurodegeneration, rehabilitation, herapy, prevention, clinical governance, multidisciplinary management, retinitis pigmentosa, Inherited retinal dystrophies


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