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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5303
ISSN (Online): 2212-3873

Meta-Analysis

Can Probiotics Supplementation Improve Glycemic and Renal Status in Diabetic Nephropathy? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials

Author(s): Mohammad Javad Tarrahi , Iman Namjoo, Mohammad Borzoo-Isfahani, Hadiseh Ebdali and Amir Reza Moravejolahkami*

Volume 22 , Issue 1 , 2022

Published on: 21 January, 2021

Page: [143 - 158] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/1871530321666210121154037

Price: $65

Abstract

Background & Aim: This meta-analysis was performed to quantify the effects of probiotics on renal and glycemic biomarkers among patients with Diabetic Nephropathy (DN).

Methods: Electronic databases were searched on May 10, 2020. All trials that investigated the effect of probiotics on serum glycemic markers (Fasting Plasma Glucose [FPG], Hemoglobin A1C, Insulin, Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance [HOMA-IR], and Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index [QUICKI]), and renal status markers (Creatinine [Cr], Blood Urea Nitrogen [BUN], and Glomerular Filtration Rate [GFR]) were included.

Results: Seven trials that included 340 patients were identified for analysis. The results indicated that probiotics significantly reduced FPG (WMD= -19.08 mg/dl; 95% CI= -32.16, -5.99; P=0.004), HOMA-IR (WMD= -1.88; 95% CI= -3.63, -0.12; P=0.036), and Cr (WMD= -0.18 mg/dl; 95% CI= -0.26, -0.09; P<0.001) levels in DN patients; however, there was no statistically significant change in Hemoglobin A1C, Insulin, QUICKI, BUN, and GFR.

Conclusion: This meta-analysis supports the potential use of probiotics in the improvement of some glycemic and renal biomarkers in patients with DN.

Keywords: Probiotics, clinical laboratory techniques, diabetic nephropathies, meta-analysis, systematic review, clinical trials.

Graphical Abstract

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