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Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1389-2010
ISSN (Online): 1873-4316

Research Article

Combined Treatment with JFKD and Gefitinib Overcomes Drug Resistance in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Author(s): Xiaoming Huang, Jingchun Sun and Jianli Sun*

Volume 22 , Issue 3 , 2021

Published on: 19 August, 2020

Page: [389 - 399] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1389201021999200819105209

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Gefitinib is an important drug used to treat Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR activating mutations, but drug resistance restricts its clinical application. In this present study, combined Jin Fu Kang Decoction (JFKD) and gefitinib showed specific cytotoxicity to gefitinib-resistant cancer cells (PC-9/gef).

Objective: This study aimed to decipher the molecular mechanism of the JFKD on drug resistance when used together with Gefitinib and to find the contributing bio-active substance(s) in JFKD based on the putative mechanism.

Methods: To investigate the combined effect of gefitinib and JFKD, in vitro experiments were conducted on the established gefitinib-resistant PC-9 subclone, while in vivo experiments were conducted on the BALB/c nude mice with PC-9/gef xenografts. Western blot was used to evaluate the protein expression, and Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) coupled with quadrupole time-offlight Mass Spectrometry (MS) was used to detect the bio-active compounds of JFKD.

Results: The expression of the PTEN-relevant protein p-EGFR, p-Akt in vitro was inhibited more when combined JKFD and gefitinib were used, whereas the activities of PDCD4 and PTEN were increased; remarkably, in vivo experiments showed enhanced tumor growth inhibition when treated with this combination. Due to this combination, the effect on the gefitinib-resistant cell line, one of the JFKD-induced anti-cancer mechanisms, was found. To link the putative mechanism and the anticancer compounds in JFKD, 14 saponins and flavonoids were detected.

Conclusion: The results suggested that a promising TCM-participated therapy can be established by the putative mechanism of the combined treatment in resistant NSCLC and screening the contributing bio-active substance(s) in JFKD is meaningful on new TCM formula discovery.

Keywords: Jin Fu Kang decoction, Gefitinib, acquired drug resistance, non-small cell lung cancer, EGFR pathway, UPLC-MS.

Graphical Abstract

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