Background: MiR-493 promotes the proliferation of prostate cancer (PC) cells by targeting PHLPP2. We aimed to explore the relationship between miR-493 and autophagy in PC.
Methods: qRT-PCR and western blotting were used to determine the mRNA levels and protein expression of miR-493, PHLPP2, autophagy gene BECN1 and ATG7 in PC cells. The autophagy gene expression was determined after PC cells transfected with miR-493 precursor or PHLPP2 precursor. Corresponding changes of autophagy phenotype and PC cell function were also studied.
Results: The mRNA levels and protein expression of miR-493, PHLPP2, BECN1 and ATG7 in PC cells were significantly decreased in PC cells. Overexpression of miR-493 or PHLPP2 markedly upregulated the expression levels of BECN1 and ATG7 in PC cells. Overexpression of miR-493 and PHLPP2 markedly promoted autophagy, and inhibited the invasion and cloning formation of PC cells.
Conclusion: MiR-493 is a potent inducer of cytotoxic autophagy that leads to prostate cancer inhibition by regulating on PHLPP2.
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