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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Review Article

Developing Insulin and BDNF Mimetics for Diabetes Therapy

Author(s): Chi Bun Chan*, Palak Ahuja and Keqiang Ye

Volume 19 , Issue 24 , 2019

Page: [2188 - 2204] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/1568026619666191010160643

Price: $65

Abstract

Diabetes is a global public health concern nowadays. The majority of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients belong to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which is highly associated with obesity. The general principle of current therapeutic strategies for patients with T2DM mainly focuses on restoring cellular insulin response by potentiating the insulin-induced signaling pathway. In late-stage T2DM, impaired insulin production requires the patients to receive insulin replacement therapy for maintaining their glucose homeostasis. T2DM patients also demonstrate a drop of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in their circulation, which suggests that replenishing BDNF or enhancing its downstream signaling pathway may be beneficial. Because of their protein nature, recombinant insulin or BDNF possess several limitations that hinder their clinical application in T2DM treatment. Thus, developing orally active “insulin pill” or “BDNF pill” is essential to provide a more convenient and effective therapy. This article reviews the current development of non-peptidyl chemicals that mimic insulin or BDNF and their potential as anti-diabetic agents.

Keywords: BDNF, Diabetes, Insulin, Mimetic, Obesity, T2DM.

Graphical Abstract
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