Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Breastfeeding as a Factor in the Prevention of Breast Cancer

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Luna Cabrera, Isabel Trapero*

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders


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Abstract:

Background: As cancer is one of the main causes of fatal illnesses in the world, and breast cancer is responsible for an elevated number of deaths in women, it is important to implement measures to prevent this disease.

Method: In order to assess the influence of breastfeeding in preventing breast cancer in women, forteen prospective cohort articles are included in this study, and their methodological quality has been assessed through the Newcastle Ottawa quality assessment scale cohort studies. After determining the risk of bias for each case study, those with fewer systematic errors and therefore greater validity, have been selected to demonstrate the relationship they propose exists between breastfeeding and breast cancer.

Results: 50% percent of the research included found that breastfeeding does not reduce the risk of breast cancer, while the other 50% argue that it is a protective factor. However, with regards to quality, the case studies that conclude that breastfeeding is not associated with breast cancer have more evidential support.

Conclusion: It is difficult to establish whether or not breastfeeding prevents breast cancer, given the diversity of conclusions in the literature. Nevertheless, the findings of this study reinforce the importance of developing strategies to improve long-term women's health in the field of prevention.

Keywords: Breast cancer, breastfeeding, lactation, cohort, risk factor and evidential support.

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1871530321666210427083707
Price: $95

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