Introduction: Bacterial resistance to multiple drugs is increasing at an alarming rate in current era and nanotechnology is one of the effective and novel approaches to overcome drug resistance.
Methods: Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) has stronger antibacterial activity and is regarded as bio-safe nanomaterial. The aim of present study is to synthesize the ZnO NPs using Aloe vera leaves extract and to investigate the synergistic effects and antioxidant actions of bio-synthesized ZnO NPs against gram negative bacteria E.coli and K. pneumoniae. The synergistic effect of β-lactam antibiotics (meropenem and ciprofloxacin) was tested along with ZnO NPs by using Kirby’s disc diffusion assay. The antioxidant activity was investigated by α, α-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method.
Results: Results revealed that the antibacterial activity of the selected antibiotics was much enhanced by ZnO NPs than the antibiotics alone. The resistant antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) became sensitive when combined with ZnO NPs. The antioxidant activity reveals that biosynthesized ZnO NPs possess significantly higher (p<0.05) antioxidant activity (77%).
Conclusion: The findings reveal that biosynthesized ZnO NPs have much more eco-friendly approach. It can act as a strong potentiator of β-lactam antibiotics and put forward the possibility to use them effectively in targeted drug delivery, pharmaceuticals and biomedical fields.