One Pot Green Synthesis of Doxorubicin and Curcumin Loaded Magnetic Nanoparticles and Cytotoxicity Studies

(E-pub Abstract Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Güliz Ak*, Tuğba Karakayalı, Ayşe N. Cin, Buket Özel, Şenay H. Şanlıer

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

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Background: Green synthesis, an alternative method for synthesizing nanoparticles, is cheaper, environmentally friendly, and does not produce toxic effects. Doxorubicin is a chemotherapeutic agent used in lung cancer. Curcumin is a bioactive compound with properties such as an anticancer obtained from Curcuma longa.

Objective: This study’s objective was to develop Doxorubicin and Curcumin loaded magnetic nanoparticles that could be synthesized by green tea leaves and investigate cytotoxic effects against the A549-luc-C8, non-small cell lung cancer line.

Methods: Magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized with the green synthesis method. Furthermore, Doxorubicin and Curcumin were encapsulated into magnetic nanoparticles with the one-pot method and obtained magnetic nanoparticles characterized using FTIR, SEM/EDX, XRD, and UV-VIS spectrophotometric techniques. After that, The drug release test was performed by dialysis using pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline at 37 °C. MTT assay was performed to test the cytotoxicity effect in the A549-luc-C8 cell line.

Results: FTIR analysis verified the magnetic structure and drug loading. SEM images of magnetic nanoparticle releaved that they had a size of about 50-60 nm in a mono-disperse manner. Drug release after 24 h was found as 5.8% for doxorubicin and 3.4% for curcumin, showing controlled release.

Conclusion: Results showed that the prepared magnetic nanoparticles were thought to had synergistic antitumor activity for A549-lucC8.

Keywords: Green synthesis, magnetic nanoparticle, doxorubicin, curcumin, drug delivery, cytotoxicity.

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Article Details

(E-pub Abstract Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1871520621666210112123528
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