Mitophagy in Carcinogenesis and Tumour Progression- A New Paradigm with Emerging Importance

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Suman K. Ray, Sukhes Mukherjee*

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

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Abstract:

The term Mitophagy has been newly concerned in reforming metabolic landscape inside cancerous cells in addition to interface between malignant cells as well as other major constituents of tumor microenvironment. Several profoundly interrelated systems, comprising mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy, function in mammalian cells as vital mitochondrial regulator process, and their consequence in neoplastic development has newly illuminated clinically. In specific instance of cancer cells, mitochondrialprotected metabolic paths are revamped to meet expanded bioenergetics along with biosynthetic necessities of malignant cells in addition to deal with oxidative stress. It is an exhausting task to foresee the role that mitophagy has on malignant growth cells since it relies upon various elements like cancer variability, malignant growth phase, genetic background and harmony between cell demand and accessibility. As per condition, mitophagy may have a double role as cancer suppressor for example Atg5 (autophagy related 5) or Atg7 (autophagy related 7) or execute promoter like function for instance FUNDC1 (FUN14 domain-containing protein 1), BNIP3 (BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19-kDa-interacting protein 3), PINK1 (PTEN-instigated kinase 1) etc. Tumor suppressive function of Parkin (E3 ubiquitin ligase) is likewise distinguished in mammary gland carcinoma where obstruction of mitophagy impacts tumor progression. In pancreatic cancer cells and in hepatocellular carcinoma hypermethylation of the BNIP3, promoter occurs that prevent HIF-1 (HypoxiaInducible Factor 1) binding besides ensuing initiation of mitophagy. Since the double role mitophagy has in malignant growth relying upon various circumstances and cell varieties, a range of studies have been going on mitophagy and its role in cancer progression and development is opening up a new paradigm with immense clinical importance.

Keywords: Mitophagy, malignant growth, homeostasis, tumor microenvironment, tumor progression, mitochondrial dynamics.

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1871520621666210112121910
Price: $95