Background: Trypanosomiasis is a widespread zoonotic disease. Existing drugs are not enough to prevent and
Objective: This study aimed to build a quantitative structure-activity relationship model by the chemical structures of a
class of thiazolidone/thiazolidamide based hybrids. The model was used to screen new antitrypanosomal agents and predict
the properties of composite molecules.
Methods: All compounds were randomly divided into a training set and a test set. A large number of descriptors were calculated
by the software, then some of the best descriptors were selected to build the models. The linear model was built by the
heuristic method and the nonlinear model was built by gene expression programming method.
Results and Discussion: In the heuristic method, the correlation coefficients , , and were 0.581, 0.457,
14.053 and 15.311, respectively. In gene expression programming, the and were 0.715, 10.997 in the training set
and 0.617, 22.778 in the test set. The results showed that the relative number of S atoms and the minimum bond order of an
H atom had a significant positive contribution to IC50. Meanwhile, the relative number of double bonds and the count of
hydrogen-bonding acceptor sites had a great negative impact on IC50.
Conclusion: Both the heuristic method and gene expression programming had a good predictive performance. By contrast,
gene expression programming method fitted well with the experimental values and it was expected to be beneficial in the
synthesis of new antitrypanosomal drugs.