Iron (III) Chloride Hexahydrate as a Highly Efficient Catalyst for Acetylation of Protic Nucleophiles with Acetic Anhydride under Solvent-free Conditions

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Naoures Jamel Eddine, Fayçal Jennen, Yakdhane Kacem, Jamil Kraiem*

Journal Name: Current Organocatalysis

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Abstract:

Background: Acetylation of protic nucleophiles is used to protect these functional groups. Most of the methods described in the literature use solvents, one equivalent or more of toxic bases or expensive and toxic catalysts. Therefore, new methodologies are still in demand, above all, greener and more economical procedures.

Objective: An eco-efficient method developed for acetylation of alcohols, phenols, thiols, amines and carbohydrates, using acetic anhydride and a catalytic amount of the environmentally benign and inexpensive FeCl3.6H2O under solvent free conditions.

Methods: Acetylation of a variety of protic nucleophiles was performed using 0.2 mol % of FeCl3.6H2O as the catalyst, and 1.2 equiv. as the acetylating agent at room temperature and under solvent free conditions.

Results: Our procedure appears to be highly efficient and promoted rapid and quantitative acetylation under simple and minimum manipulation. Chromatography or recrystallization were generally not necessary for the purification of products.

Conclusion: This eco-friendly protocol appears to be potentially universally applicable in organic design to protect protic nucleophiles and potentially scalable for industrial fields.

Keywords: Green chemistry, protic nucleophiles, solventless, catalysis, acetylation, iron (III) chloride hexahydrate

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2213337207999200731184638
Price: $95

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