Inspired by nature, humankind has been able to attain significant achievements in the drug
and food industries. Particularly, medicinal plants are a rich source of medicinal, cosmetic, sanitary,
and aromatic substances. Genus Ferula from the Apiaceae family is a plant genus that possesses over
170 species, which have been carefully documented with regard to their medicinal properties. Ferula
spp. affects many body organs, and their respective functions, in humans, such as the immune system,
gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary, endocrine, respiratory, cardiovascular, nervous system, bone
(skeleton), and teeth. In spite of the benefits, ferulosis (Ferula toxicity) is an important aspect of Ferula
consumption in humans and animals. Hemorrhagic problems and infertility are important signs of
ferulosis. In this review, we have described all of the effects of the active ingredients of Ferula spp.
and their mechanisms of actions, when known, based on an extensive literature review. Thus, our review
opens a window of the benefits of Ferula as a phyto-pharmaceutical and its therapeutic applications
in pharmacy, dentistry, and medicine.