Evaluation of Anticancer, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Properties of a Medicinally Treasured Fern Tectaria coadunata with its Phytoconstituents Analysis by HR-LCMS

Author(s): Mandadi N. Reddy, Mohd. Adnan*, Mousa M. Alreshidi, Mohd. Saeed, Mitesh Patel

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 20 , Issue 15 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Tectaria coadunata (T. coadunata) is an important fern species with a number of medicinal properties. It has been evidently found for its effectiveness in ethanomedicinal usage, which can also emerge as one of the most promising sources for nutraceuticals.

Objective: This study aims to examine the phytochemistry of the whole crude extract of T. coadunata for the first time with evaluation of antibacterial, antioxidant and anticancer activity.

Methods: High Resolution Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry analysis (HR-LCMS) was performed for confirming the presence of biologically active constituents in the extract of T. coadunata followed by antibacterial, antioxidant and anticancer activity.

Results: With the detailed Mass spectra data, absorbance spectra and retention times, chemical composition of T. coadunata holds a diverse group of bioactive/chemical components such as sugars, sugar alcohol, flavonoids, terpenoids and phenolics. The results for antioxidant activity showed that T. coadunata crude extract had higher scavenging potential against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radicals than H2O2 molecules, which was followed by positive antibacterial activity against several pathogenic bacteria like Shigella flexneri, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi.

Discussion: The ethanolic extract of T. coadunata showed favorable antiproliferation activity against three leukemic (KG1, MOLT-3 and K-562) cells in a dose dependent manner, especially for KG1 42.850±1.24μg/ml.

Conclusion: This study has provided a better understanding of the presence of biologically active phytochemical constituents in the extract of T. coadunata, which can be the reason for its bioactive potential. Moreover, T. coadunata has significant anticancer activities against human leukemic cancer cell lines, indicating it as a potential anticancer agent.

Keywords: Tectaria coadunata, phytochemical analysis, HR-LCMS, antibacterial, antioxidant, anticancer, leukemia, ethanomedicinal plants.

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VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 15
Year: 2020
Published on: 26 October, 2020
Page: [1845 - 1856]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1871520620666200318101938
Price: $65

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